foto:

luglio 2014. strumpf. 5000 m2. 76 olive varietà leccino. sul tetto del magazzino 2 arnie warré. carriolla con grabegabel. zaino. paglia. il primo anno della trasformazione e stata dedicata principalmente alla fertilitá della terra. facendo sistemi di biorolli sotteranei per attivare la microbiologia della terra. mettendo semi (fukuoka). pacciamando (paglia, cartone, vegetazione del inverno, primavera). con una risposta quasi immediata: nel inverno 2014/2015 sono tornati i lombrichi! dapertutto. non tanti. ma ogni secondo albero che abbiamo piantato. li abbiamo trovato 2,3 lombrichi. la terra e stata arrata e trattata con fertilizzanti chimici ogni anno prima di noi per 30 anni.

Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015

Preparazione corso PDC 4. giugno - 16. giugno con saviana, luciano, luca...

Primavera: 9 scami di api da 2 famiglie nelle case di warré; pomodori sotto tessuto; preparati di ortica, biofertilizzanti, equisetum, microorganismi effettivi, succo dei lombrichi; innesti del olivo con varieta dolci; cibo per gli api nel kräuterrad; bagno secco - tante preparazioni per il corso pdc 4. giugno - 16. giugno con saviana, luciano, luca... posti disponibili. registratevi benvenuti... ancora da costruire, sistemar: doccia solare, spazi tende, bagno secco, casa galline, situazione acqua e di piú...








Sonntag, 22. März 2015

Corso Potatura al vaso policonico con Giulio Fittipaldi 14. marzo 2014. Grazie a tutti.



prima con anton

dopo

in mezzo

l'albero innestato l'anno scorso. 2014.

ecco...
grazie a lucio

Dienstag, 17. März 2015

Corso di Progettazione in Permacultura 72h. 4.-16. giugno 2015. Saviana Parodi, Luciano Furcas, Luca Puri.

Stiamo lavorando su un terreno di 5000 mq, sul quale si sta lavorando in permacultura da ottobre 2013 per trasformare la preesistente monocultura di olivi in un Giardino Foresta.

Il supercuoco del corso sará Salvatore che cucina macrobiotico. Prioritá su cibo locale, biologico, autoprodotto.


Dienstag, 24. Februar 2015

Mittwoch, 18. Februar 2015

Design Process I. Jacke / Toensmeier: Edible Forest Gardens. Ecological design and practice for temperate climate permaculture.

A natale 2014 mi sono fatto il regalo dei due volumi di "Edible Forest Gardens" di David Jacke e Eric Toensmeier. Forse la nuova bibbia della permacultura. Lo uso adesso come ispirazione generale per la progettazione della foresta alimentare che stiamo implementando. Faccio molta fatigua a scrivere in italiano. Per quello sto continuando nei prossimi post e passi in inglese...

Design Process I (Volume II, Page 141 ff.):

Clear Intentions.

As we bought this piece of land, I saw the possibility of a food forest although it is basically a plantation of 76 olive trees in line. One of the main aspects of decision making (apart from the social part, friends and history in the Valle d'Itria) for me was the depth of the soil. The 5000 m2 are the lowest part of this valley (valley floor) and therefore we do have soil (some parts 3 meters, some parts 20 cm). In this region of Puglia (Valle d'Itria) we have in general only about 20 cm of clay soil, sometimes only here and there some clay and then only limestone. Agricultural industry is using huge machines to crush the limestone to a depth of 50 cm and then plant vines in there. The main perennial crops in this region are olive trees and vines (historically also almonds). Historically there are examples of polycultures with these trees and vines. The example of vines growing into olives is often given in books. Lately I did see examples in the Valle d'Itria of new plantations like this, where small olive trees were added into vine plantations. Other fruit trees growing traditionally very well here are: figs, pomgranates, ziziphus jujuba, cherry, apricot, pear, persimmon, nespolo. This is knowledge from observation and talking to many local people. Obviously the old verieties of these fruit trees are dying out. One of the best references for our region is Angelo Passalaqua with his blog
http://amicidellortodue.blogspot.it/

Site Analysis (Page 182 ff.)

Near the ancient water cistern we found an old khaki tree (producing more fruit than a family can consume) and an old apricot tree (not producing anymore). Other than that only olives (variety leccino). The old owner ploughed the land every year and fertilised it with chemical fertiliser every year (for the last 30 years). The previous owner planted the olive trees 30 years ago (with contributions from the european union). Due to the mechanical maintenance with a tractor ploughing the land many trees have been injured by the tractor (the bark of at least 30 % of the trees has been opened many times and funghi have entered). This is called in italian: "le carie del legno", woody decay fungus. I found about 10 trees with this disease that basically eats the wood of the living tree and makes it soft; all this caused by the injury of the tractor. We found the land looking like this:

Shed. Entrance. August 2013.





Ancient water cistern. August 2013.

 

Scale of Permanence (Page 193ff.)

Climate

plant hardiness zone 10
predicted future climate change: desert!
annual precipitation: 600 mm, mediterranean: winter rain, summer drought
300 m over sea level
predominant wind: north east. tramontana.
fire risk: july, august

Landform

less than 2% slope
topographic position: valley floor
bedrock geology: limestone

Water

On the lowest part of our land we find an "ancient" water cistern (still functioning). It has a capacity of about 24000 liters. And at the entrance of our land we find a shed build out of soft limestone with a roof collecting water (10 m2).

Legal Issues

legal building possibility 50 m2... we don't want to build on this land because there are 5 abbandoned houses around us.

Access and Circulation

because of the non resolved house situation we don't have a clear idea about our social space...

Vegetation and Wildlife

natural vegetation on the abandoned land next to us.
under the olive trees: viburnum, asparagi, lentisco. on the herb level: aspraggine (Helminthotheca echioides), in spring time a mixture of grains and veccia (), caffe selvatico (Astragalus boeticus L.), pisello selvatico (Pisum sativum L.)

Microclimate

 Starting with these data points I made a first sector analysis in 2014...


Sector Analysis 2014...
I did identify the cold wind as a limiting factor of plant health and growth, but I did not plant immediatly a wind break, which was a mistake. Now I see that the cold wind really is the main limiting factor for vegetable production in winter time... I planted a wind break this year (winter 2015) predominantly out of cipresso and pomgranates. Inbetween I put ginestra, mulberry, lentisco, vibrunum, jucca, alaterno, magnolia, acacia di costantinople, rosmarino, castagnie, hazelnut...
The humidity and water availability varies on the land. Obviosly the lowest point and the part close to the magazino has more water... This also has to do with the depth of the soil and the topographic situation around the land. A SketchUp model from google gives an overview...

Topographic Situation. SketchUp of Google.
Map of waterflow on the land...
Map of Depth of the soil.

The SketchUp contour lines are not very exact. In fact I observed the neighbouring big cornfield after big rain events and the contour lines are quite different...
actual contour lines easy to identify after big rain events

Buildings and Infrastructure

10 m2 of roof space of magazzino. 4 m2 of roof space of acquaio.

Zones of Use

 

Soil Fertility and Management

 2013 ph under the olive trees ph4 sometimes 5. in the space near the khaki ph 7.

Aesthetics / Experience of Place









Sonntag, 15. Februar 2015

Vegetazione Maggio 2014. Trifoglio campestre predominante.




Orto Khaki

Prima:
agosto 2013




Durante:
settembre 2013
Dopo:

dicembre 2013
febbraio 2014
giugno 2014
luglio 2014